Git is a distributed version control system designed to manage software source code and other files. It was created by Linus Torvalds in 2005 and is widely used by software developers to collaborate on projects and keep track of changes to their code over time.
Version control is a way of managing changes to files over time, allowing multiple people to work on the same files without overwriting each other's changes.
It keeps track of the changes made to files and allows users to compare different versions of a file, revert to previous versions, and merge changes from different versions.
Git uses a system of snapshots and branching to manage versions of files and allows users to work offline, making it a powerful tool for distributed development.
When starting a new local git project, it is an extremely common task to start by planning the directory structure. This involves setting up empty directories and then adding the required files later.
Let us dive in.
- The latest Git version installed and configured on your machine.
- A local and remote git repos.
Step 1 - Initialize a New Directory
The first step is to setup a new empty directory. This is where you will store other files and directories and allow git to track the changes. You can do this by running the
mkdir command as shown:
dir_name is the name of the directory you wish to create.
For example, suppose we want to create a new directory called
geekbits we can run the command as shown:
We can then view the contents of the directory as:
ls -la ~/geekbits
The resulting output is as shown:
total 8 drwxr-xr-x 2 samsepiol samsepiol 4096 Apr 7 19:16 . drwxr-xr-x 13 samsepiol samsepiol 4096 Apr 7 19:16 ..
Step 2 Navigate Into the New Directory
Next, navigate into the newly created directory using the
cd command as shown:
Step 3 - Add a File to the Directory
To ensure that git will start keeping track of the directory, we need to add a new dummy file. This will force git to recognize the directory and not treat it as empty. We can do this by creating a
.gitkeep file as shown:
The command above should create a new file called
Step 4 - Stage the File
Once we have configured the directory and ensure that Git will not treat it as empty (ignored), we can proceed and stage the directory. We can use the
add command as shown:
git add .
Once completed, we can check the staging status using the command:
An example output is as shown:
On branch master No commits yet Changes to be committed: (use "git rm --cached <file>..." to unstage) new file: .gitkeep
Step 5 - Commit Changes
We can now proceed and commit the changes to the repository with the command:
git commit -m "commit message"
Step 6 - Push Changes
You can now push the changes to the remote repository with the
push command as shown below:
git push origin master
In this guide, you learned how to add an empty git directory and allow Git to keep track of it and push it to the remote repository. This method can allow you to quickly plan and prepare for your project in advance.
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